This blog is basically about the importance of prebiotics and probiotics and also to create awareness towards its use. As we know we are in a modern era where we do reasoning and questioning about many things that we use in our day to day life. There are lots of stuff going on simultaneously like gene mutation, resistance, tolerance, etc which we are mostly unaware of and so there is also a need for knowing the way to recovery.
So now the question is what are Probiotics?
Probiotics are bacteria that live in or body naturally and help our intestines to break down food, hence beneficial for our body functioning and health. When we talk about probiotic bacteria we are referring to two families of bacteria. Strains of lactobacillus and bifidobacterium are both associated with probiotic formulae. Probiotics that are very similar to the one that our body makes can be taken as supplement healthy digestion in powder or liquid form. They need to be stored in the refrigerator to keep the bacteria contained in them alive.
Let’s explore some of the best natural sources of probiotics:-
- Kefir (fermented milk drink)
- Sauerkraut (finely shredded cabbage fermented by lactic acid bacteria)
- Traditional buttermilk
- Fermented soybean
- Cheese – cheddar, mozzarella
Now let’s understand what are Prebiotics?
Prebiotics are carbohydrates that our body can’t digest; rather they induce the growth or activity of beneficial bacteria and fungi and also act as food for the probiotic bacteria that we are putting into our body.
The use of prebiotics and probiotics together is called microbiome therapy. We don’t need to take prebiotics for probiotics to work but taking them might make our probiotics more effective. Prebiotics basically act as fuel to help bacteria grow.
All prebiotics are a type of dietary fibre and the sources are:-
- Chicory roots
- Onion, spring onions
- Savoy cabbage, legumes
- Red kidney beans, soybeans
- Fruits- bananas, custard apples, watermelon, grapes
- Cereals- bran, barley, oats
- Almonds, pistachio nuts, flax seeds, etc
What are the benefits of prebiotics and probiotics?
- Balance the friendly bacteria in our digestive system.
- Help to prevent and treat diarrhoea.
- Improve mental health conditions like anxiety, depression.
- Keep your heart healthy, reduce cholesterol,
- Reduce the severity of certain allergies and eczema
- Reduce the symptoms of bowel disorders like ulcerative colitis, irritable necrotising enterocolitis.
- They help to boost our immune system.
- Beneficial in losing weight.
Risks and side effects of prebiotics and probiotics:-
- Very rarely gas, constipation, loose stools, loss of appetite, bloating, and acid reflux happens especially at the beginning of the therapy.
- There is one effect of it which is known to be dangerous,i.e, having an allergic reaction to the bacteria that are being added to our body, for which you should meet your doctor and stop taking the supplement.
- These are recommended after taking antibiotics
- These are believed to be safe during pregnancy and breastfeeding.
- Every probiotic are different because of the variations in bacteria strains. Not all probiotics will work the same way for you and not everyone needs to take probiotics.
- If you are lactose intolerant, make sure you look for a dairy-free probiotic.
- If you have yeast (candida) overgrowth, you should select a probiotic that does not contain candida.
What are antibiotics?
Antibiotics are a type of medication used to treat bacterial infections by stopping the infection or preventing it from spreading.
Antibiotics are very important and effective at treating serious infections. Yet, they can come with some negative side effects.
They have negative effects of trillions of bacteria and other microbes living in your intestines. These bacteria are collectively called as gut microbiota. In addition to killing disease-causing bacteria, antibiotics may kill healthy bacteria.
The overuse of antibiotics can lead to antibiotic resistance, making them ineffective in killing disease-causing bacteria. Finally, by changing the types of bacteria living in the intestines, antibiotics can cause intestinal side effects, including diarrhoea and may also cause liver damage.
Fortunately, a number of studies have shown that taking probiotics can reduce the risk of antibiotic-associated diarrhoea. It should be taken after a course of antibiotics in order to restore some of the healthy bacteria in the intestines that may have been killed.
However, given that probiotics are usually bacteria themselves, they can also be killed by antibiotics if taken together. Thus it is important to take antibiotics and probiotics a few hours apart.
Dental Clinic is a Multi-Specialty Dental Clinic awarded the BEST DENTAL CLINIC IN LUCKNOW Our dentists continue to strive for excellence and look forward to treating every one of our patients with the award-winning care that we have been recognized for. The clinic is situated in the vicinity of Gomti Nagar, located at the heart of commercial capital of Lucknow, India.
Dr Mansi Pranay
Realtooth Dental Clinic